The Different Types of Anarchism Table / Chart
This article is a work in progress.
All forms of Anarchism are against the state.
|Flag||Name||Key People||Means of Production||Property||Markets||Wages||Profit||Hierarchy||Other|
|Anarcho-Collectivism||Mikhail Bakunin||Collective||Collective Property||Labour Vouchers||Mixed||Violent Revolution. Communism + Mutualism|
|Anarcho-Communism||Peter Kropotkin||Collective||Personal / No Private||Gift Economy||Non-State path to Communism. Direct Democracy.|
|Anarcho-Syndicalism||Sam Mainwaring||Collective||Co-Operatives||Workers' Unions / Labor Movement|
|Mutualism||Pierre-Joseph Proudhon||Mixed||Mixed||Mixed||Socialism and Private Markets|
|Anarchism Without Adjectives||Mixed||Mixed||Mixed||Mixed||Mixed||Mixed||Inclusive of all forms of Anarchism|
|Agorism||Samuel Edward Konkin III||Private||Private||Free Markets||Counter-Economics|
|Anarcho-Capitalism||Murray Rothbard||Private||Private||Self-Ownership / NAP|
|Egoist Anarchism||Max Stirner||Rejection of myths and fables (spooks) which impose limits on individual autonomy|
|Green Anarchism||Henry David Thoreau||Emphasis on environment|
|Anarcho-Primitivism||Henry David Thoreau||Against modern civilization|
|Anarcho-Pacifist||Leo Tolstoy||Against violence to oppose the state|
|Religious Anarchism||Emphasis on particular religions|
|Anarcha-Feminism||Emma Goldman||Emphasis on feminine traits|
Range from individualism to collectivism.
Individualist anarchism is reformist in nature, whilst social anarchism is revolutionary. They also differ in that individualists anarchists seek a market based solution (workers control of their own means of production) and social anarchists a needs based solution (communal ownership of the means of production).
a form of market socialism / coops. The earlier forms of Anarchism. while supporting collective ownership of property, also allows for individual ownership of the means of production, although only in so far as one labors with that property and is thus opposed to capitalist property. In terms of exchange, it supports a market economy using labor notes and systems of mutual credit. a trend predicated on a moral claim that justice can be understood as reciprocity between consenting parties. They view the state and property as illegitimate because the relationship between individuals in these institutions are not mutually or equally reciprocal. Mutualists tend to represent a middle ground between socialism and private markets.
common ownership of the means of production
consider the abolition of money to be essential. Relies more on a revolution to happen at all once rather than gradually like other means. also supports only collective ownership of the means of production, and is opposed to markets and currency, supporting instead free exchange in a gift economy. Anarcho-communists are people who, like communists, believe that we should change to a stateless, moneyless, classless society. The difference is that anarcho-communists like myself reject the idea of taking control of the state to make this transition.
consider the end of private ownership of the means of production to be the key. is distinguished from Mutualism in that it supports only the collective ownership of the means of production. It shares with Mutualism the ideas of labor notes and market economies.
However, collectivisation was not to be extended to the distribution of income, as workers would be paid according to time worked, rather than receiving goods being distributed "according to need" as in anarcho-communism.
want to create an industrial workers' union movement based on anarchist ideas. proposes revolutionary change should come about through the organization of workers into horizontal confederations of unions, and the utilization of the general strike to seize control of the economy. The praxis is a revolutionary method of overthrowing capitalism and the state through unionism, replacing corporate production with economic democracy internally in the unions, which federate themselves into larger unions. Often times, syndicalism is seen as a methodology of achieving anarcho-communism. These people are socialists, not communists, who believe that we should use labour unions to take control of the means of production. They believe that the governments function is to uphold the capitalist system and that it should be dismantled alongside capitalism. Anarcho-syndicalists believe that the means of production should be owned and run by co-ops. This is to say that the workers themselves, rather than a capitalist overlord, own and manage their own workplaces.
The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are: Workers' solidarity, Direct action and Workers' self-management
Green Anarchism / Eco-Anarchism
far more critical of all aspects of modern life, with some going so far as calling for "the end of civilisation" including, apparently, all forms of technology and large scale organisation. The idea of civilization itself is flawed.
Anarcho-Transhumanism - Anarcho transhumanism is the idea that we can't truly be free of oppression until we are also free of the limitations placed on us by our physical bodies and environments.
point out that authoritarian traits and values, for example, domination, exploitation, aggressiveness, competitiveness, desensitisation etc., are highly valued in hierarchical civilisations and are traditionally referred to as "masculine." In contrast, non-authoritarian traits and values such as co-operation, sharing, compassion, sensitivity, warmth, etc., are traditionally regarded as "feminine" and are devalued
has always placed a lot of time and energy in opposing the military machine and capitalist wars while, at the same time, supporting and organising armed resistance against oppression
Anarchism Without Adjectives
simply understood as an attitude that tolerated the coexistence of different anarchist schools
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